Unit 30. Gerunds as subject, object or complement.

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    Post Unit 30. Gerunds as subject, object or complement.

    Post by nuhru_1098 on Sat Sep 20, 2008 3:05 pm

    Gerunds as Subject, Object or Complement

    Try to think of gerunds as verbs in noun form.

    Like nouns, gerunds can be the subject, object or complement of a sentence:

    * Smoking costs a lot of money.
    * I don't like writing.
    * My favourite occupation is reading.

    But, like a verb, a gerund can also have an object itself. In this case, the whole expression [gerund + object] can be the subject, object or complement of the sentence.

    * Smoking cigarettes costs a lot of money.
    * I don't like writing letters.
    * My favourite occupation is reading detective stories.

    Like nouns, we can use gerunds with adjectives (including articles and other determiners):

    * pointless questioning
    * a settling of debts
    * the making of Titanic
    * his drinking of alcohol

    But when we use a gerund with an article, it does not usually take a direct object:

    * a settling of debts (not a settling debts)
    * Making "Titanic" was expensive.
    * The making of "Titanic" was expensive.

    Do you see the difference in these two sentences? In one, "reading" is a gerund (noun). In the other "reading" is a present participle (verb).

    * My favourite occupation is reading.
    * My favourite niece is reading.


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