Hyphen use.


    Number of posts : 452
    Registration date : 2008-07-15

    Post Hyphen use.

    Post by nuhru_1098 on Tue Oct 21, 2008 9:09 pm


    A hyphen is a very short horizontal line between words. x-x

    Note that there is no space between a hyphen and the character on either side of it.

    Do not confuse a hyphen (-) with a dash (-), which is longer.

    The rules about hyphens are not fixed. The points below are guidelines rather than rules.

    1. Use a hyphen to join words to show that their meaning is linked in some way:

    book-case (or bookcase)
    race-horse (or racehorse)

    2. Use a hyphen to make compound modifiers before nouns:

    a blue-eyed boy (but The boy was blue eyed.)
    the well-known actor (but The actor is well known.)
    their four-year-old son (but Their son is four years old.)

    3. Use a hyphen with certain prefixes. The prefixes all-, ex-, and self- usually need a hyphen:


    When a prefix comes before a capitalized word, use a hyphen:


    When a prefix is capitalized, use a hyphen:


    4. Use a hyphen when writing numbers 21 to 99, and fractions:

    one hundred and sixty-five

    5. Use a hyphen to show that a word has been broken at the end of a line (hyphenation):

    The directors requested that a more conven-
    ient time be arranged.

    6. Use a hyphen with "suspended compounds". When we use several very similar compounds together, it may not be necessary to repeat the last part of the compound:

    They need to employ more full- and part-time staff. (not They need to employ more full-time and part-time staff.)
    This rule applies only to 12-, 13- and 14-year olds. (not This rule applies only to 12-year olds, 13-year olds and 14-year olds.)

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