Unit 16: The present continuous tense.

    Share
    avatar
    nuhru_1098
    Admin
    Admin

    Number of posts : 452
    Registration date : 2008-07-15

    Post Unit 16: The present continuous tense.

    Post by nuhru_1098 on Tue Aug 12, 2008 10:53 am

    Present Continuous Tense
    I am singing

    We often use the present continuous tense in English. It is very different from the simple present tense, both in structure and in use.

    How do we make the Present Continuous Tense?
    The structure of the present continuous tense is:

    subject + auxiliary verb + main verb
    be base + ing

    Look at these examples:

    subject auxiliary verb main verb complement
    + I am speaking to you.
    + You are reading this.
    - She is not staying in London.
    - We are not playing football.

    Interrogative:

    auxiliary verb subject main verb complement

    Is he playing football?


    We use the present continuous tense to talk about:

    action happening now
    action in the future

    Present continuous tense for action happening now
    a) for action happening exactly now

    I am eating my lunch.
    The action is happening now.

    b) for action happening around now

    The action may not be happening exactly now, but it is happening just before and just after now, and it is not permanent or habitual.

    John is going out with Mary.
    The action is happening around now.


    How do we use the Present Continuous Tense?
    We use the present continuous tense to talk about:

    action happening now
    action in the future
    Present continuous tense for action happening now
    a) for action happening exactly now

    I am eating my lunch.

    The action is happening now.

    b) for action happening around now

    The action may not be happening exactly now, but it is happening just before and just after now, and it is not permanent or habitual.

    John is going out with Mary.

    The action is happening around now.

    Look at these examples:

    Muriel is learning to drive.
    I am living with my sister until I find an apartment.

    Present continuous tense for the future

    We can also use the present continuous tense to talk about the future—if we add a future word!! We must add (or understand from the context) a future word. "Future words" include, for example, tomorrow, next year, in June, at Christmas etc. We only use the present continuous tense to talk about the future when we have planned to do something before we speak. We have already made a decision and a plan before speaking.

    I am taking my exam next month.
    A firm plan or programme exists now. The action is in the future.

    Look at these examples:

    We're eating in a restaurant tonight. We've already booked the table..
    They can play tennis with you tomorrow. They're not working.
    When are you starting your new job?
    In these examples, we have a firm plan or programme before speaking. The decision and plan were made before speaking.

    How do we spell the Present Continuous Tense?
    We make the present continuous tense by adding -ing to the base verb. Normally it's simple—we just add -ing. But sometimes we have to change the word a little. Perhaps we double the last letter, or we drop a letter. Here are the rules to help you know how to spell the present continuous tense.

    Basic rule Just add -ing to the base verb:
    work > working
    play > playing
    assist > assisting
    see > seeing
    be > being
    Exception 1 If the base verb ends in consonant + stressed vowel + consonant, double the last letter: s t o p
    consonant stressed
    vowel consonant
    (vowels = a, e, i, o, u)
    stop > stopping
    run > running
    begin > beginning
    Note that this exception does not apply when the last syllable of the base verb is not stressed:
    open > opening
    Exception 2 If the base verb ends in ie, change the ie to y:
    lie > lying
    die > dying
    Exception 3 If the base verb ends in vowel + consonant + e, omit the e:
    come > coming
    mistake > mistaking




    Font: englishclub.com
    avatar
    markitus_11
    Admin
    Admin

    Number of posts : 250
    Location : In my PC xD
    Registration date : 2008-07-15

    Post Re: Unit 16: The present continuous tense.

    Post by markitus_11 on Tue Aug 12, 2008 11:29 am

    Thanks you for the information


    _________________

      Current date/time is Sun Sep 23, 2018 5:47 pm